Timeline: The History of Water as a Commodity

1622

1910

1947

1973

1999

2001

2008

2011

2017

2018

​​

Natural spring water is sold in glass bottles for the first time

Demand for clean drinking water rises after chlorination of Toronto's municipal water reduces waterborne epidemics

Bottled water is sold in hard polystyrene plastic bottles for the first time but remains expensive

Invention of new polyethylene (PET) plastic makes bottled water affordable and popular

Bottled water companies earn $4 billion annually by appealing to consumers' demand for health and status

International leaders set goals to reduce plastic pollution in the midst of an environmental movement

PepsiCo and Nestle identify tap water as the source of their bottled water

The U.S. government reduces the maximum amount of plastic allowed in single-use bottles by 47%

 

The Ontario government stops issuing new permits to bottle the province's water

 

Eleven Ontario post-secondary institutions successfully ban bottled water on their campuses

Timeline Sources

Exhibit Resources

The #TakeBackTheTap exhibit was created by Humber's Office of Sustainability and the Lakeshore Grounds Interpretive Centre. Click on the buttons below for more information about each section of the exhibit.