Timeline: The History of Water as a Commodity
Natural spring water is sold in glass bottles for the first time
Demand for clean drinking water rises after chlorination of Toronto's municipal water reduces waterborne epidemics
Bottled water is sold in hard polystyrene plastic bottles for the first time but remains expensive
Invention of new polyethylene (PET) plastic makes bottled water affordable and popular
Bottled water companies earn $4 billion annually by appealing to consumers' demand for health and status
International leaders set goals to reduce plastic pollution in the midst of an environmental movement
PepsiCo and Nestle identify tap water as the source of their bottled water
The U.S. government reduces the maximum amount of plastic allowed in single-use bottles by 47%
The Ontario government stops issuing new permits to bottle the province's water
Eleven Ontario post-secondary institutions successfully ban bottled water on their campuses
Alexa Springs, 2016. History of Bottled water.
Ban the Bottle, 2018. Map of Campaigns.
CNN, 2007. Pepsi says Aquafina is tap water.
NY Times, 1990. N. C. Wyeth, Inventor, Dies at 78; Developed the Plastic Soda Bottle.
NY Times, 1999. Company news: Sale of a bottled water called Dasani is set.
OSWCA, 2001. Drinking water management in Ontario: A brief history.
Stockholm Convention, 2001. Overview.
The Council of Canadians Acting for Social Justice, 2018. Election survey says: Eliminate Ontario’s bottled water permits.
The Nimbus Project, 2013. History of Water Bottles Part 1.
The #TakeBackTheTap exhibit was created by Humber's Office of Sustainability and the Lakeshore Grounds Interpretive Centre. Click on the buttons below for more information about each section of the exhibit.